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Oct, 2015

Technology Scaling in Electronic Circuits

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In this highly advanced and competitive era of technology, portability and compactness of electronic devices is required along with its being fully featured. Research titans like Intel, Texas Instrument and IBM are proposing their work of chip implementation at around 7 nm these days. The certain need of reducing the device size arises due to following requirements of an electronic device:

Compact Size– Increased number of operating devices per unit area leads to possibility of manufacturing smaller devices making it convenient to handle and moreover easily portable. Extra features can be added on same size chip with reduced technology size.
Faster device operation – As the size of each device is reduced, the delays introduced due to signal propagation is also reduced improving the overall operation speed of device.
Low power consumption – The full scaling technique (Constant field scaling) has a profound impact on power consumption of device making the device operational for longer time for same battery size.
High frequency operation – Along with reduction in size of each device, the parasitic capacitance associated with it has also reduced making the device operative at higher frequency.
Moore’s Law

According to this law, the number of transistors in a dense IC will be doubled in roughly every two years. The prediction ascertained correct, in part because the law currently is used in the semiconductor organizations to escort long-term scheduling and to fix the targets for R&D department. Progressions in digital microelectronics are guided by the Moore’s law: quality tuned microprocessor, size of memory and the number and size of pixels in digital camera. All these are improving at exponential rates.

The major part of Moore’s law in competitive and self-aimed industries is describe below:

Target for industries – Moore’s law was primarily studied for the practice of prediction and observation, but afterwards it was widely accepted by technical giant companies and further it assisted as a goal-marking for a whole industry.

Understanding competitive trends – This made various marketing and research units to compete and aim for a specific technology in order to get that product patented on their title and ultimately leading to innovations at a faster rate.

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